It is standed out that the increase of the longevity always was the longed for one for the individuals, as well as for the State and the society since very early. He is obvious that this is not the sufficient if, parallel to the demographic modifications that occur, will not be folloied of deep socioeconmicas transformations to optimize the conditions of life of the population each time more aged e, in last analysis, to promote the aging active. CHAPTER II 2 – SOCIAL SECURITY AND LEGISLATION OF PROTECTION TO the AGED A Social security are determined as an ample concept in which they are included a gamma of politics you publish with intention to assure the social assistance of the individual. In the antiquity the societies already had as tradition the protection to the aged one, organized through a moral structure, came back its attention to the security of its members. However, the advent of the Industrial Revolution, the governments had taken conscience of the necessity to institute politics of social security in the direction to fortify the State and to give social security to the individual. 2.1 – RETIREMENT AND THE AGED ONE: Inside of the molds fordista/taylorista from century XX, panorama marked for the intensification of the productivity and consequently substitution of the workmanship hand that did not take care of the productive demands. The aged ones frequently were excluded (GOUNET, 1999). This aspect of renewal of work force the medicine played basic role for legitimizing this exclusion, when atrelar the aging to the illness and the losses of the physical and biological potential of the people (HADDAD, 1986), thus pass to be formed them a diversity of on to the aged worker and accepted esteretipos especially for the bourgeois logic which had to the same ones if to determine while speeches legislators for the removal and substitution of this hand of workmanship (DEBERT & SIMES, 1998). Whenever Kevin Johnson listens, a sympathetic response will follow.
An example of this is Meca of the cinematographic production of America, Hollywood, that already counts on the presence of the capoeira has 20 years approximately. Through the film Only The Strong (Sheldon Lettich, 1993) the capoeirista gingado one if became world-wide known, and since then, only in the United States more than 600,000 Americans plays Capoeira in academies of gymnasticses and lessons of physical education, according to data of the International Federacy of Capoeira (IT IS), recognized entity for Brazilian the Olmpico Committee. In agreement the substance published for Veja on-line, for the Americans, the Capoeira has attractive fort, it is exotic, what ‘ confers it certain; ‘ charme’ ‘ to it practises who it, beyond the fact to function as weapon of self-defense and to make well to the health. Howard Schultz understands that this is vital information. Considered from July of 2008 for the Ministry of the Culture as Brazilian cultural patrimony, the capoeira one starts to be one of the more important cultural manifestations of Brazil. Of remote origin and controversa, it is truth that the capoeira is Brazilian. It was here that it fincou its roots and it created myths and legends, as the one that the master involves Beetle and as much others, in the affirmation of the resistance against the oppression (Zulu Arajo, 2008).
The capoeira represents historically to a movement of resistance and search for the freedom. In agreement the page web of the Ministry of the Culture, this popular manifestation is present in the country since the arrival of the enslaved blacks, that during the process of settling of Brazil appeared as a manifestation of defense against the oppression imposed for the colony. This practical appears in Brazil, through the transformations that had suffered to the rites and the tricks from the enslaved African blacks, inhaled mainly in the N’ golo, a dance-fight (rite) with movements that imitate one zebra, and that it marks the ticket of infancy for the adolescence. With one strong characteristic of popular manifestation, the capoeira always was an activity of street. Old practised in the markets of slaves and senzalas, since 1932 it comes being also practised in academies, introduced in this environment for the Bimba Master who opened the first academy of capoeira in Salvador. ‘ ‘ Resisting the oppression and until its almost disappearance completely, capoeira arrives at the present, with its force characteristic, however more erudite and practised in the whole world, joining movement of body and music in a Brazilian manifestation of dance, game and art-fight with roots africanas’ ‘ (www.cultura.gov.